Historical Spots
The North Topeka neighborhood, known as Redmonville (also known as the "Sands") was a distinctly early African American settlement of North Topeka. It's said to be one of the first neighborhoods established by an Exoduster group from Tennessee. The boundaries included Tyler and Gordon in the southwest corner of North Topeka.
A Community Built on Resilience In the 1870s and 1880s, African American Exodusters from Mississippi and Louisiana settled in Ritchie Addition, which became known as Mud Town due to the frequent overflooding of the Kansas River and the mud it left in the neighborhood. Despite the challenging conditions, Mud Town thrived, with homes, churches, schools, and small stores like the Johnson and Hopkins grocery. Some residents worked at the nearby Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway.
Originally located outside the city limits of Topeka, Pierce Addition was located between 21st and 25th streets and from Monroe to Adams. According to an article by Sherman Smith, who interviewed Lester Lewis, Betty Coleman Moore, Judy Jackson and Irma Scroggins. Pierce Addition’s history goes back to the 1880s. It was named after a Gen. H.A. Pierce, a real estate developer. The area was inhabited predominately by African Americans by the 1920s.
Tennessee Town was a vibrant African-American community that was formed in Topeka, Kansas, in the late 1870s by freed slaves who had left the South to start a new life in the West. Led by Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, the settlers, including men, women, and families, migrated from Tennessee, their original home, and settled on the southwestern edge of the city in what was then known as King's Addition.

Believed to be the oldest house in Topeka and a stop on the Underground Railroad. The Ritchies were radical abolitionists from Indiana and advocated to eliminate the word “white” from requirements for citizenship.

In the once all-Black Monroe Elementary School, interactive displays and a restored kindergarten room help tell the story of the case that ended segregation. The auditorium houses a poignant multimedia presentation covering our country’s history of racism, and a mural across the street from the site depicts themes of equality and justice.

One of the first Black cemeteries in Topeka, located on 27th Street & MacVicar.